J. E. Knotts partial story news to newspaper - Aug 1914

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J. E. Knotts partial story news to newspaper - Aug 1914 - VOLUME 33, NO. 298. DECATUR, ILLINOIS. SUNDAY...
VOLUME 33, NO. 298. DECATUR, ILLINOIS. SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2, 1914. World's Wireless Message CONNECTING WIRELESS LINK BETWEEN DECATUR AND FAR-DISTANT POINTS OF CONTINENT In Decatur Boy's Back Yard Station Here Perfected to Such Extent that It Is of Commercial Value and Can Receive and Send Messages Long Distances Receives Time Signal from Arlington. 1IREL.ESS telegraph messages are received from distances as great as New York city. Key West Florida, and even from the big ocean, liners out in the Atlantic by an outfit owned by Harold Burg, 865 South Maffit street, Decatur. The station is practically complete in every particular, and is as well- equipped, at least as far as the re-; celving end goes, as many commercial : Bfotltnn tx-MpTi tiaw f!nt the entire sea I coast and many inland cities. Although there have been many amateur wireless stations in Decatur at different times, in no other case has the appartus been so far perfected as to give as satisfactory results with long distance messages. The capacity of the receiving instruments in Mr. Burg's station is limited only by the height of his aerial, which when extended as he expects to have It ultimately, will enable him to "Pick up" any station in the Uuited States, and vessels far out in the oceans. The World at His Feet. Listening to the busy hum. of the hundreds of stations scattered over the entire Eastern and Central part of the country, one cannot help marveling at the romantic qualities of an invention which will enable anyone to watch the happenings of a world through the medium of a few wires stretched above a back yard. Each night may be heard the numerous press service stations in New York City and elsewhere, now busy Flashing out through the air for all who can understand, the latest developments in the European war situation; the scores of commercial stations transmitting everything from baseball scores to the usual run of business , messages; the huge government stations sending out periodical time signals for the guidance of vessels; and the many naval stations busy with orders for a widely-scattered fleet, and untold amateur and ship-board stations. Probably the first example of a practical news message ever written tor a Decatur paper and transmitted to this city by wireless is that from H. J. E. Knotts, editor of the 'State-Center Record' of Illiopolis to The Herald, which was received at the Burg station this week and is reproduced here. Mr. Knotts operates a wireless station in connection with his station in Illiopolis and communicates nightly with Springfield, Decatur, and many other surrounding towns. As, the closest high-power station, his is one side of the little building is cov-1 NEWS BY WIRELESS Herald, . Decatur, 111. Progress on the plans for the M. W. A. picnic at Illiopolis, Thursday, August 27, are going ahead so nicely and the labor and details are working out with such precision that there is no doubt that the 1914 picnic will draw double the crowds of any similar event held here in the last twelve years. The committee on amusements has arranged new features and the immense program will be carried out to the letter. Provisions greater than ever before are being made to accommodate the anticipated throngs and. everyone who comes this year will find amusement plentiful. State Center Record N. SS Illiopolis, 111. of course the one most heard, by Mr. Burg in Decatur who carries on a conversation with him every day. Hear Other Stations. Other stations which are heard by Mr. Burg almost every night are the big one at the Illinois "Watch factory in Springfield, the many Chicago, Milwaukee, Detroit and other Great Lakes commercial stations, ' New Orleans, the United States Naval station at Key West, Fla., Cape Hatteras, N. C, Cape Cod, Mass., and the huge wireless press service station of the New York Sun which is located at Sayville. Long Island. The messages from the different stations are distinguished by their call letters which are sent at the beginning and close of each message. The call letters are listed in a register of wireless stations which is published quarterly. After hearing a station a few times, it is easy to tell it from any other in a radius of thousands of miles, owing to the different pitch or tone of the spark used in each sending station. The big stations can be distinguished usually by the shrill, vibrant notes which resemble the high note of a violin and which have a needle-like, piercing quality which can be heard at all times above the cackle of 'static' or the sounds of atmospheric electricity. Erected Small BuildinK. Mr. Burg's station is located in a small building erected at the rear of his home, where it is free from jars or other outside noises. A long table which extends the entire length of Table and Switchboard showing Maffitt street ered with the instruments, while practically all of the space on the wall above, and on the one-panel switch board is occupied by the wiring, switches, and still other instruments. With few exceptions, such as the tele phone headpiece and detector, the instruments were all constructed by Mr. Burg himself but the quality of work manship is such that they can scarcely be told from factory-made apparatus which is sold at fabulous prices. Mr. Burg estimates the value of his equipment in the neighborhood of $400, and he is not yet satisfied with it. At the left side of his table is plac ed the big tuning transformer which sending and receiving instruments enables him to increase his wave length sufficiently to be in harmony with the biggest stations. The transformer consists of two cylinders, one of which slides within the other, both wound with bare copper wire. Three delicate adjustments vary the amount of wire in the circuit, enabling the operator to pick out any desired station from the multitude which can be heard at all times. In front of the tuner are the variable condensers, delicate receiving instruments which help to reduce noises from atmospheric electricity and which aid in tuning. On a shelf above this part of the table, and carefully shielded from jars, are the detectors, containing a tiny in Harold Burg's wireless outfit, located in building at 865 South crystal which is sensitive to the faintest ether waves which transmit wireless messages. Aerial on TeleiiUone Pole. In the center of the switch board, above the table, is the big aerial switch which connects either the sending or receiving outfits with the aerial, strung from a telephone pole over the back yard. At the right of the table is the step-up transformer which transforms the ordinary 110-volt electric current into a high tension current of such high potential that it creates ether waves which will travel for fifty or more miles. Besides it is a plate glass condenser, and above is the helix, which corresponds for the sending outfit to the tuning coil of the receiving end. At the left end of the table is the switch board for the various city electric light current connections. The big transformer uses so much current that all of the electric lights of the neighborhood are somewhat dimmed when it is operated. There are in addition many smaller and more intricate instruments not shown in the picture. Messages are transmitted by means of an ordinary telegraph key, provided with extra heavy parts, and a code of short and long buzzes is used, which is practically the same as the morse code used by all telegraph operators. a a

Clipped from
  1. The Decatur Herald,
  2. 02 Aug 1914, Sun,
  3. Page 13

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  • J. E. Knotts partial story news to newspaper - Aug 1914

    headphone877 – 23 Aug 2017

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